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Oral Infections and Osteoporosis

Bone loss is a condition shared between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis occurs as bone resorption becomes more prevalent and there is considerable demineralization. Osteoporosis and periodontal disease both have excessive osteoclastic activity and bone loss initiated through chronic inflammatory conditions. This shared chronic inflammatory response may predispose individuals with periodontitis to osteoporosis. In addition, risk factors such as age, smoking and estrogen deficiency are the same for both periodontal disease and osteoporosis.

Kim, J.and Amar, S.: Periodontal disease and systemic conditions: a bidirectional relationship. Odontology.94(1):10-21, 2006.

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